Stomatitis is inflammation of the Mouth and Lips. It refers to any inflammatory process affecting the Mucous membranes of the mouth and lips, with or without oral ulceration. Stomatitis, a general term for an inflamed and sore mouth, can disrupt a person’s ability to eat, talk, and sleep. Stomatitis can occur anywhere in the mouth, including the inside of the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, and palate.
Types of Stomatitis
There are 2 types of stomatitis on the basis of ulceration which are as follows:
- Canker sore, also known as an Aphthous Ulcer. It is single pale or yellow ulcer with a red outer ring or a cluster of such ulcers in the mouth, usually on the cheeks, tongue, or inside the lip.
- Cold sore, also known as Fever Blisters. They are fluid-filled sores that occur on or around the lips. They rarely form on the gums or the roof of the mouth. Cold sores later crust over with a scab and are usually associated with tingling, tenderness, or burning before the actual sores appear.
Risk factors of Stomatitis
Risk factors of stomatitis include:
- Gender, especially Women.
- Oral health.
- Oral hygiene.
- Reduced salivary function.
- High Expression of cytokines.
- Altered Drug metabolism.
- Family History.
- Certain Foods.
Symptoms of Stomatitis
Sign and Symptoms of Canker sores include:
- Can be painful.
- Usually last 5 to 10 days.
- Tend to come back.
- Are generally not associated with fever.
Sign and symptoms of Cold Sore include:
- Are usually painful.
- Are usually gone in 7 to 10 days.
- Are sometimes associated with cold or flu-like symptoms.
Causes of Stomatitis
the precise cause of stomatitis is still unclear, though these causes can trigger stomatitis:
- Dental Prosthetics.
- Poor Dental Hygiene.
- Infection, such as Viral, Fungal and Bacterial.
- Certain Medication.
- Malnutrition, such as diet lacking in Vitamin B12, Folic Acid, Zinc, or Iron.
- Hormonal shifts during Mensturation.
- Emotional stress.
- Allergic Response.
Visual examination is enough to diagnose stomatitis. furthermost, Physician may recommend different lab tests for the diagnosis of underlying disease if stomatitis is severe and ongoing.