Mouth Ulcers (Stomatitis)

Stomatitis is inflammation of the Mouth and Lips. It refers to any inflammatory process affecting the Mucous membranes of the mouth and lips, with or without oral ulceration. Stomatitis, a general term for an inflamed and sore mouth, can disrupt a person’s ability to eat, talk, and sleep. Stomatitis can occur anywhere in the mouth, including the inside of the cheeks, gums, tongue, lips, and palate.

Types of Stomatitis

There are 2 types of stomatitis on the basis of ulceration which are as follows:

  • Canker sore, also known as an Aphthous Ulcer. It is single pale or yellow ulcer with a red outer ring or a cluster of such ulcers in the mouth, usually on the cheeks, tongue, or inside the lip.
Canker sore
  • Cold sore, also known as Fever Blisters. They are fluid-filled sores that occur on or around the lips. They rarely form on the gums or the roof of the mouth. Cold sores later crust over with a scab and are usually associated with tingling, tenderness, or burning before the actual sores appear.
Cold sore

Risk factors of Stomatitis

Risk factors of stomatitis include:

  • Age.
  • Gender, especially Women.
  • Oral health.
  • Oral hygiene.
  • Reduced salivary function.
  • High Expression of cytokines.
  • Altered Drug metabolism.
  • Family History.
  • Genetic.
  • Certain Foods.
  • Allergens.

Symptoms of Stomatitis

Sign and Symptoms of Canker sores include:

  • Can be painful.
  • Usually last 5 to 10 days.
  • Tend to come back.
  • Are generally not associated with fever.

Sign and symptoms of Cold Sore include:

  • Are usually painful.
  • Are usually gone in 7 to 10 days.
  • Are sometimes associated with cold or flu-like symptoms.
Sign and Symptoms of Stomatitis

Causes of Stomatitis 

the precise cause of stomatitis is still unclear, though these causes can trigger stomatitis:

  • Chemotherapy.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Dental Prosthetics.
  • Trauma.
  • Poor Dental Hygiene.
  • Smoking.
  •  Infection, such as Viral, Fungal and Bacterial.
  • Dehydration.
  • Certain Medication.
  • Malnutrition, such as diet lacking in Vitamin B12, Folic Acid, Zinc, or Iron.
  • Hormonal shifts during Mensturation.
  • Emotional stress.
  • Allergic Response.
Causes of Stomatitis


Visual examination is enough to diagnose stomatitis. furthermost, Physician may recommend different lab tests for the diagnosis of underlying disease if stomatitis is severe and ongoing.