Indigestion is a term describes Pain and Discomfort in the Upper Abdomen especially in the Stomach, associated with Difficulty in Digesting Food. Indigestion is also known as Dyspepsia or an Upset Stomach. Indigestion is very common, every individual may experience indigestion in different way. Indigestion is not a disease, but sign and symptoms of many underlying Physiological and Pathological conditions.

Risk factors of Indigestion

There are so many risk factors that can cause indigestion. Some of the main risk factors for the indigestion are:

  • Obesity.
  • Smoking.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Fatty meal.
  • Junk food.
  • Food and beverages that cause gas in the stomach.
  • The talk between dining.
  • Sleep Immediately after eating.
  • Gum chewing.
Risk factors of Indigestion

Symptoms of Indigestion

Symptoms of Indigestion include:

  • Early fullness during a meal
  • Uncomfortable fullness after a meal.
  • Discomfort in the upper abdomen.
  • Burning in the upper abdomen.
  • Bloating in the upper abdomen.
  • Nausea.
  • Gas.
  • Abdominal Pain.
  • Acidic taste in the mouth.
Sign and Symptoms of Indigestion

Causes of Indigestion

There are so many causes of Indigestion. Some main and important causes of indigestion are:

  • Overeating.
  • Eating too quickly.
  • Fatty food.
  • Spicy foods
  • Too much caffeine, alcohol, chocolate or carbonated beverages.
  • Smoking.
  • Anxiety.
  • Certain antibiotics, pain relievers and iron supplements.
Lifestyle causes of Indigestion

There are also so many underlying medical conditions that can also cause Indigestion. These condition include:

  • Gastritis.
  • Peptic ulcers.
  • Celiac disease.
  • Gallstones.
  • Constipation.
  • Pancreatitis (Pancreas inflammation).
  • Stomach cancer.
  • Intestinal blockage.
  • Intestinal Ischemia (Reduced blood flow in the intestine).
Medical Conditions cause Indigestion


Patient’s History and General physical Examination is enough to diagnose Indigestion if there is no underlying pathological condition. If there is any underlying medical condition, Physician may recommend the following tests:

  • Thyroid Profile.
  • Tests for Metabolic disorders.
  • Laboratory tests like CBC.
  • Breadth test.
  • Stool test.
  • Endoscopy.
  • X-Ray.
  • CT-Scan.