Heartburn is a painful Burning feeling in your Chest or Throat, just behind your Breastbone. The pain is often worse after eating, in the evening, or when lying down or bending over.

Occasional heartburn is common and no cause for alarm. But Heartburn that is more frequent or interferes with your daily routine may be a symptom of a more serious condition that requires medical care.

Risk factors of Heartburn 

Risk factors of heartburn include:

  • Over weight.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Spicy foods.
  • Onions.
  • Citrus products.
  • Tomato products, such as ketchup.
  • Fatty or fried foods.
  • Peppermint.
  • Chocolate.
  • Alcohol, carbonated beverages, coffee or other caffeinated beverages.
  • Large or fatty meals.
  • Dairy products.
  • Fried food.
  • Sauces.
Risk factors of Heartburn

Symptoms of Heartburn

Sign and Symptoms or heartburn includes:

  • Sour/Bitter taste in Mouth.
  • Difficulty in Swallowing.
  • Burning pain in the chest or Throat, that usually occurs after eating and may occur at night.
  • Pain that worsens when lying down or bending over.
  • Chronic Cough.
Symptoms of Heartburn

Causes of Heartburn

Heartburn occurs when stomach acid backs up into the tube that carries food from your mouth to your stomach (esophagus). If the lower esophageal sphincter relaxes abnormally or weakens, stomach acid can flow back up into your esophagus (acid reflux) and cause heartburn. The acid backup may be worse when you’re bent over or lying down. Some main causes of heartburn are:

  • Alcohol.
  • Smoking.
  • Over eating.
  • Obesity.
  • Stress.
  • Chocolate.
  • Caffeine.
  • Pancreatic inflammation. 
Causes of Heartburn


To diagnose whether heartburn is symptoms of any underlying conditions such as GERD, physicians may recommend following tests: 

  • X-Ray.
  • Endoscopy.
  • Ambulatory acid probe test.
  • Esophageal motility test.
  • H-Pylori test.
Lab tests for Heartburn