Dysentery is the Infection of the intestines resulting in severe Diarrhea with the presence of blood and mucus in the fecal material. 

Types of Dysentery

There are 2 main types of Dysentery which are:

  • Bacillary Dysentery or Shigellosis, caused by a Bacteria called Shigella.
  • Amoebic Dysentery or Amoebiasis, caused by an amoeba called Entamoeba Histolytica.
Types of Dysentery

Risk factors of Dysentery

The risk factors that can cause Dysentery are:

  • Age.
  • Lack of Immunity.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Poor sanitary conditions.
  • Measles.
  • Travel to endemic areas.
  • Lack of Breast feeding.
  • Poor Maternal Education.
Risk factors of Dysentery

Symptoms of Dysentery

Some typical sign and symptoms of dysentery include: 

  • Diarrhea.
  • Blood and Mucus in stool.
  • Fever.
  • Anemia.
  • Abdominal Cramps.
  • Abdominal bloating.
  • Weight loss.
  • Dehydration.
Symptoms of dysentery

Causes of Dysentery

Some important causes of dysentery are:

  • Bacterial infection, by shigella.
  • Protozoal infection, by Entamoeba Histolytica.
Causes of Dysentery

Diagnosis of Dysentery

The main Lab Test for the diagnosis of Dysentery is stool DR. Taking a sample of your stool to be tested in a laboratory for the presence of shigella bacteria, Entamoeba Histolytica or their toxins.

Lab Investigations for Dysentery