Diarrhea, also spelled Diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. In most cases, diarrhea lasts a couple of days. But when diarrhea lasts for weeks, it can indicate a serious disorder, such as a Persistent Infection, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, or a less serious condition, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

Risk factors of Diarrhea

Some important risk factors that can cause Diarrhea are:

  • Poor Sanitation.
  • Poor Personal Hygiene.
  • Eating Contaminated Food.
  •  Drinking contaminated water.
  • Low rates of Blood flow and Immunization.
  • Malnutrition, especially in younger children (2yrs).
  • Absence of HCL in Gastric Secretions, due to H.Pylori or use of Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs).
  • Selective ImmunoglobulinA Deficiency.
  • HIV Infection.
  • Clostridium Difficile infection, due to Antibiotic usage.
Risk factors of Diarrhea

Symptoms of Diarrhea 

Sign and symptoms of diarrhea include:

  • Loose, watery stools.
  • Abdominal cramps.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Fever.
  • Blood in the stool.
  • Bloating.
  • Nausea.
  • Urgent need to have a bowel movement.

Causes of Diarrhea

Causes of Diarrhea include:

  • Poor sanitation.
  • Malnutrition.
  • Viruses.
  • Bacteria.
  • Parasites.
  • Medications, such as antibiotics. 
  • Overcrowding. 
  • Lactose Intolerance.
  • Surgery.
  • Digestive disorders, such as Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Celiac Disease, Microscopic Colitis and Irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Cohabitation with animals.
Causes of diarrhea

Diagnosis of Diarrhea

Other then physical examination, physician may recommend these tests to check the underlying cause:

  • Blood Tests.
  • Stool Tests.
  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.