Diarrhea, also spelled Diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. In most cases, diarrhea lasts a couple of days. But when diarrhea lasts for weeks, it can indicate a serious disorder, such as a Persistent Infection, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, or a less serious condition, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Risk factors of Diarrhea
Some important risk factors that can cause Diarrhea are:
- Poor Sanitation.
- Poor Personal Hygiene.
- Eating Contaminated Food.
- Drinking contaminated water.
- Low rates of Blood flow and Immunization.
- Malnutrition, especially in younger children (2yrs).
- Absence of HCL in Gastric Secretions, due to H.Pylori or use of Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs).
- Selective ImmunoglobulinA Deficiency.
- HIV Infection.
- Clostridium Difficile infection, due to Antibiotic usage.
Symptoms of Diarrhea
Sign and symptoms of diarrhea include:
- Loose, watery stools.
- Abdominal cramps.
- Abdominal pain.
- Blood in the stool.
- Urgent need to have a bowel movement.
Causes of Diarrhea
Causes of Diarrhea include:
- Poor sanitation.
- Medications, such as antibiotics.
- Lactose Intolerance.
- Digestive disorders, such as Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, Celiac Disease, Microscopic Colitis and Irritable bowel syndrome.
- Cohabitation with animals.
Diagnosis of Diarrhea
Other then physical examination, physician may recommend these tests to check the underlying cause:
- Blood Tests.
- Stool Tests.
- Flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.