Constipation

Constipation is a symptom, not a disease. Constipation is thought of as Infrequent Bowel Movements, usually less than 3 stools per week. Constipation means sometimes bowel movements are tough or sometimes happen less often than normal. Almost everyone goes through it at some point.

Risk factors of Constipation

There are many risk factors that can cause constipation. Some important risk factors are:

  • Stress.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Gender, more in Females.
  • Traveling.
  • Age.
  • Health conditions.
  • Medications.
  • Physically inactive.
  • Dehydration.
  • Refined food.
Risk factors of Constipation

Symptoms of Constipation

Symptoms of constipation include:

  • Few bowel movements.
  • Trouble having a bowel movement (straining to go).
  • Hard or small stools.
  • A sense that everything didn’t come out.
  • Belly bloating.
  • You also may feel like you need help to empty your bowels, such as pressing on your belly or using a finger to remove stool.
Symptoms of Constipation

***Constipation may be considered chronic if you’ve experienced two or more of these symptoms for the last three months.

Causes of Constipation

  • Not enough water intake.
  • Less fibrous diet.
  • Eating a lot of dairy products.
  • Physically inactive.
  • Resisting the urge to Defecate.
  • Stress.
  • Medications, especially strong pain drugs such as Narcotics, Antidepressants, and Iron pills.
  • Antacid medicines, that have calcium or aluminum
  • Eating Disorders.
  • Underlying conditions, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
  • Pregnancy.
  • Problems with the nerves and muscles of your Digestive System.
  • Cancer of Colon.
  • Neurological conditions, such as Parkinson’s Disease or Multiple Sclerosis.
  • Hypothyroidism. 
  • Laxative Abuse.
Causes of Constipation

Diagnosis

Doctors and Physicians use the following lab tests and procedures to diagnose Constipation:

  • Blood tests, for systemic conditions as like hypothyroidism.  
  • Sigmoidoscopy, examination of the colon, sigmoid, rectum and lower.
  • Colonoscopy, examination of the rectum and entire colon.
  • Anorectal Manometry, evaluation of anal sphincter muscle function.
  • Balloon Expulsion Test, evaluation of anal sphincter muscle speed.
  • Colonic Transit Study, evaluation of how well food moves through the colon.
  • Defecography, an X-ray of the rectum during defecation.
  • MRI defecography.
Diagnosis Tests for Constipation

Treatment