Abdominal Cramps

Abdominal cramps or pain is the pain in the Abdominal cavity between chest and pelvic region. Everyone experiences abdominal pain from time to time.

Inflammation or diseases that affect the organs in the abdomen can cause abdominal pain. Major organs located in the abdomen include:

  • Stomach.
  • Small Intestine.
  • Large Intestine.
  • Liver.
  • Gall Bladder.
  • Pancreas.
  • Spleen.
  • Kidney.
  • Appendix.
Regions of Abdomen and its Organs

Types of Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain is sub divided in three major classes on the basis of nature of the pain. Types of abdominal pain are:

  • Localized pain, type of pain caused by the inflammation or problem of particular organ. This sort of pain is limited to particular area of the abdomen. The pain of Stomach Ulcer is the example of localized Abdominal Pain.
  • Cramp-like pain, type of pain that is mainly associated with other underlying disease. This sort of pain comes and go, and sometimes completely subside on its own without treatment. Cramp-like pain may be associated with diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or flatulence. In women, it can be associated with menstruation, miscarriage, or complications in the female reproductive organs.
  • Colicky pain, type of pain that is mainly associated with severe underlying diseases. This sort of pain occurs suddenly and may feel like a severe muscle spasm. The pain of Gall stones or Kidney stones are the example of colicky pain.

Causes of Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain is not a disease itself, but usually a classical and typical symptoms of many underlying disorders of abdominal organs. Causes of Abdominal pain are:

  • Gallstones.
  • Stomach Ulcer.
  • Pancreatitis.
  • Heart burn.
  • Biliary Colic.
  • Gas Pain.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTI).
  • Constipation.
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
  • Umbilical Hernia.
  • Early Appendicitis.
  • Diverticulitis.
  • Pelvic Pain.
  • Appendicitis.
  • Menstural Cramping.
  • Inguinal Hernia.
  • Ovarian Pain.
Causes of Abdominal Pain

Diagnosis

Diagnosis of Abdominal pain can be done by History taking and General Physical Examination done by the physician. Other lab test recommended by the physician are:

  • X-Ray.
  • Ultrasound.
  • MRI Scan.
  • Colonoscopy.
  • Endoscopy.
  • Blood Tests.
  • Stool DR.
  • Urine Tests.

Treatment