Palpitation

Palpitations are the feeling that your heart has skipped a beat or added an extra beat. Palpitations are the feelings of having a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding heart. Palpitations are usually harmless, but in some cases is can be worrisome.

Risk factors of Palpitations

There are many risk factors that can lead you to the Heart palpitations. The risk factors include: 

  • Stress.
  • Anxiety Disorders.
  • Regular panic attacks.
  • Pregnancy.
  • stimulant Drugs.
  • Hyperthyroidism.
  • Other Heart problems, such as an Arrhythmia, Heart Defect, Previous Heart Attack or Previous Heart Surgery.

Symptoms of Palpitations

You might feel heart palpitations in your throat or neck, as well as your chest. They can occur when you’re active or at rest. Symptoms include:

  • Skipping beats.
  • Fluttering rapidly.
  • Beating too fast.
  • Pounding.
  • Flip-flopping.
Symptoms of Palpitations 

Causes of Palpitations

Most frequently, the cause behind the Heart Palpitations can’t be found. In fact Heart palpitations itself can be a sign of serious problems such as Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland) or an Arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm). Arrhythmia might cause a very fast heart rate Tachycardia, an unusually slow heart rate Bradycardia or an irregular heart rhythm. Most common causes include:

  • Emotional responses, such as stress, anxiety or panic attacks.
  • Depression.
  • Strenuous exercise.
  • Stimulants, including caffeine, nicotine, cocaine, amphetamines, and cold and cough medications that contain pseudoephedrine.
  • Fever.
  • Hormone changes associated with menstruation, pregnancy or menopause.
  • Too much or to little thyroid hormone.

Diagnosis

Instrument use to listen to heart sound are called as Stethoscope. Physician should also recommend these lab investigations:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Holter Monitoring.
  • Event Recording.
  • Echocardiogram.

Treatment